Finding Articles at UNB Libraries
UNB libraries offers two ways to access research articles:
- When you know the name/date/publisher of the article you wish to retrieve, you can use the Catalogue search box on the library home page to gain the most direct access to that article. Alternately, you can search for articles based on the journal in which they are published using the Journals and Newspapers search box on the same page.
- When you don’t have any specific article in mind, or do not know enough details about the article to retrieve it using the library’s catalogue, you can use one (or several) of the library’s article databases to streamline your search. These databases can be accessed either through the links listed below, or a more comprehensive (though less targeted) list of databases can be found on the Article Databases page of the library website.
The list of databases below offer access to thousands of full-text journal articles and millions of references that pertain to the field of kinesiology and some of its associated subject areas.
* Because kinesiology is a fundamentally interdisciplinary field, it is often necessary to perform research in areas that are not traditionally associated with it. When researching any topic, give some consideration to databases from other fields that may provide valuable contributions to your research.
- SportDiscus SportDiscus is an international database that covers all aspects of "sport, fitness, recreation and related fields."
8 simultaneous users.
- Leisure, Recreation and Tourism (see CAB Direct) Note: The content of the Leisure, Recreation and Tourism database has been absorbed by CAB Direct. It is no longer a separate database. Leisure, Recreation and Tourism from CAB Direct (formerly Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts) provides access to the international literature on "research and strategic development of leisure, recreation, sport, tourism and hospitality activities, facilities, products and services."
4 simultaneous users.
- Medline (1950 to Present) "MEDLINE® is the United States National Library of Medicine's (NLM®) premier bibliographic database providing information from the following fields: Medicine, Nursing, Dentistry, Veterinary medicine, Allied health, and Pre-clinical sciences. As well, MEDLINE is the primary source of global information from international literature on biomedicine, including the following topics as they relate to biomedicine and health care: Biology, Environmental science, Marine biology, Plant and animal science, Biophysics, and Chemistry."
50 simultaneous OLRN users.
- PubMed PubMed is the U.S. National Library of Medicine's (NLM®) database of biomedical citations and abstracts. It includes MEDLINE, which covers over 4,800 journals published in the United States and more than 70 other countries primarily from 1966 to the present.
Unlimited simultaneous users.
- Scopus Scopus, a new multidisciplinary online resource, will be invaluable to students and faculty in various fields of study within the sciences, health sciences and the social sciences. Scopus offers full-text linking, abstracting-and-indexing information and provides access to over 66 million abstracts dating back to 1966.
Unlimited simultaneous users.
- ERIC - EBSCO ERIC is a "bibliographic database that contains education-related documents and journal articles." The EBSCO interface also provides some full text linking.
Unlimited simultaneous users.
- CINAHL with Full Text (Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature) CINAHL with Full Text is the world's most comprehensive source of full text for nursing & allied health journals, providing full text for more than 500 journals indexed in CINAHL. This authoritative file contains full text for many of the most used journals in the CINAHL index - with no embargo. With full-text coverage dating back to 1981, CINAHL with Full Text is the definitive research tool for all areas of nursing and allied health literature.
Unlimited simultaneous users
- PsycINFO PsycINFO is an abstracting and indexing database of more than 2000 journals (approximately 3.3 million records) devoted to peer-reviewed literature (journals, books and dissertations) in the behavioural sciences and mental health.
Unlimited simultaneous users.
- Sociological Abstracts Sociological Abstracts "covers the world's literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behaviorial sciences."
Unlimited simultaneous users.
Knowing the key journals in a subject area is an important aspect of scholarship. One publisher, Human Kinetics, publishes a number of key journals in the field; here is a link to the complete list.
For additional databases, feel free to visit the Article Databases page of the library website.
Choosing the Best Database for your Question
Not all databases are created equal, or are intended to fulfill the same role in research. The databases listed above range across a number of fields, and while all of these fields relate to kinesiology, they may not relate to the specific research topic that you are interested in. This being the case, it is important that you select your databases carefully when beginning a search in order to maximize your efficiency and results. For instance, to perform:
Searches on Sports, Fitness and Recreation:
UNB Libraries subscribes to 2 dedicated kinesiology databases. Though they do not cover all topics in kinesiology, they can serve as a good starting point for research in the area, as they offer a more kinesiology-oriented perspective in the articles they contain. The databases are:
- Leisure, Recreation and Tourism
Searches on the Health Sciences:
The following medical databases are excellent sources of information on health and fitness related questions:
General science databases like Scopus and Web of Science can also help with searches relating to these issues.
Searches on Human Biology and Anatomy:
SCOPUS excellent sources of information on biology, kinetics and motion questions.
Searches on the Psychology and Culture of Motion and Fitness:
For information on human behavior and cultural effects relating to kinesiology, explore the core kinesiology databases (SportDiscus and LRT) as well as some of the following databases:
- Sociological Abstracts
General Searches on ANY TOPIC:
Sometimes the best way to get an idea or to find a new perspective on an old idea is to look outside your subject area. The following databases contain resources related to kinesiology, but also to many more related and unrelated field:
- Academic Search Premier
- Dissertations & Theses
- Google Scholar
Explore the Reference Universe
Reference Universe searches through article titles and back-of-the-book indexes from over 20,000 print and electronic reference works at UNB Libraries and beyond. Search results from Reference Universe will provide you with quick links to UNB WorldCat (to locate print materials on the shelf) and to many of our online reference materials.
- Encyclopedia of International Sports Studies (3 vols.) [HIL-REF GV567 .E486 2006]
From the introduction ... "a comprehensive and useful reference work covering all aspects of the science, social science, and medicine of sport...". There are about 1000 entries in the 3 volumes, most of which contain references for further reading.
- SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies [HIL-REF GV567 .M335 2008]
The SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies brings a timely, much-needed, and comprehensive tool for all students in this multi-disciplinary field. Each entry provides a basic definition, a guide to research themes, and a clear account of the relevance of the concept in understanding sport. Not only indispensable for quick clarification of terms, it will give students a springboard for more in-depth research and critical analysis. Key Features: offers cross referencing to assist critical thinking; includes a list of key readings for each entry; provides expert definitions drawn from sociology, history, psychology, economics, management and business, politics and policy, physical education and health, and research methods; and gives concise, student-friendly, and authoritative entries.
- Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport [HIL-REF GV567 .B48 2005 vols. 1-4]
Levinson and Christensen's 1996 Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Time to Present (Berkshire), a three-volume resource of considerable value, serves as the basis for this new set, which considers sport from the perspective of race, ethnicity, class, and culture. Overlap between the two works is immediately recognizable: for example, many of the original contributors have returned to help shape this set, and several of the original articles, such as those on aerobics and animal rights, have undergone only minor revision. Still, there is a great deal of new material. For example, 51 of the A-through-G entries from the first set (e.g., Buzkashi, the Afghan sport of goat dragging) reappear in the new one, while 28 of the A-through-G entries (e.g., bandy, cockfighting, and chariot racing) do not. On the other hand, the new version offers 100 brand-new articles, such as "America's Cup," "Bondi Beach," "elite sports parents," and "globalization." The set also features a bibliography for each article as well as photographs, illustrations, sidebars, and an index. Bottom Line Since it now comprises many more entries (450 vs. 250), it is not surprising that the set's price has more than doubled. Still, its thoroughness recommends it to all academic and public libraries. John Maxymuk, Rutgers Univ. Lib., Camden, NJ Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. From: Reed Elsevier Inc. Copyright Reed Business Information
- Encyclopedia of sports in America [HIL-REF GV583 .E64]
subtitle: a history from foot races to extreme sports - 2 vols.
- Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science and Medicine
see also [HIL-REF RC1206 .O94 1994]
This dictionary covers all the major areas of sports science and medicine including: anatomy, biomechanics, exercise physiology, nutrition, sports psychology, sports sociology, sports injuries, and training principles. It was compiled with the help of a team of eminent contributors and advisers; the third edition has been updated to incorporate recent advances, for example in the areas of gene technology and drug and doping regulations.
- International Encyclopedia of Women and Sports [HIL-REF GV709 .I58 2000 vols. 1-3]
This three-volume set acknowledges the importance of women in sports at the global level, both from a historical perspective and in light of rapid developments in the field at the close of the 20th century. About 400 topics are categorized into sports and athletic activities, women's sport in society and the culture of women's sport, health issues, organizations, events, national programs, and people. Approximately 150 articles discuss the history of particular sports, the history and current status of women's participation in each, and the basic rules of play. The 65 culture of sports articles cover issues such as aggression, media, commercialization, lesbianism and homophobia, values and ethics, and religion, as well as non- competitive aspects of sports including gender verification, drugs and drug testing, motivation, family involvement, marketing, sexual harassment, and sponsorship. Also included are biographies of 130-plus women who have been influential in the development of women's sport, as well as information on 12 active organizations and 18 international multi-sport competitions. The volumes contain many b w photographs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com) Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.
- Careers in Sports [HIL-REF GV734.3 .W66 2009]
Covers every aspect of getting a good job in the sports field. Covers all types of careers as well as different sporting organizations.
- Directory of Psychological Tests in the Sport and Exercise Sciences [HIL-REF GV706.4 .D57 2002]
Summarises information on over 300 psychological scales questionnaires and inventories specific to sport and exercise settings. This book features test summaries addressing exercise motivation, sport motivation, aggression, cognitive strategies, leadership cohesion and anxiety. It also includes twenty chapters organised by psychological construct.
- Food and fitness: a dictionary of diet and exercise "This dictionary enables users to evaluate the claims made about different diets and types of exercise. It covers all matters relating to diet and exercise including diet methods, food supplements, sex and exercise, sports injuries, anatomy, energy-related terms, exercises for improving strength, flexibility, stamina, weight control, training methods and principles, calorie requirements of different activities, and much more."
5 simultaneous users.
- Merck Manual of Medical Information - Second Home Edition The Merck Manual (Home Edition) provides basic information on medical concepts, diseases and disorders in everyday language intended for non-specialists. This freely available online edition includes multimedia pronunciation aids, animations and video.
Unlimited simultaneous users.
- Oxford companion to the body
"he Oxford Companion to the Body is a fascinating and authoritative guide to every aspect of the body. It provides concise and readable accounts of the structure and function of all the major systems of the body and the causes of disorders that affect them. Interwoven with this coverage of the science of the body, are entertaining and informative articles on social and religious attitudes to the body, and its significance for artists, philosophers and writers." [from the website]
- Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems [HIL-REF QP11 .E539 2010]
A non-scholarly introduction to human body sytems (respiratory, digestive, etc.) that is marred by lack of bibliographies.
Books and E-Books
Finding Books at UNB Libraries
UNB Libraries uses WorldCat to track and retrieve items in our collection. Integrated directly with our library home page, UNB WorldCat is accessible through the Catalogue search box or through the search window provided below. Using the search boxes and the clickable options located near them, you can retrieve information about books, e-books, DVDs, and other multi-media resources available at UNB and at other libraries worldwide.
Once you have found the item you are looking for, use the call number listed in the search results (if it is a physical item) to locate it on our library shelves. Click HERE for information on how to read call numbers. Alternately, you can visit the Research Help Desks for assistance in locating items in the library.
If you locate resources in your search that are not available through UNB Libraries, you may be able to borrow them from another library using our document delivery service. Visit the Document Delivery page for information about how to request resources and library policies associated with such requests.
Browsing for books in the library can be an effective strategy for discovering information, especially when you are not sure exactly what topic you wish to explore. To browse the shelves for books in Kinesiology, try these call number ranges.
|Sport and recreation|
|RC 1200||Sports Medicine (includes physiotherapy)|
|RM||Therapy and nutrition|
Using Internet Sites as Resources
The internet provides seemingly limitless amounts of information on every topic imaginable, but not all this information is reliable. It is important to critically evaluate and vet all websites for quality and reliability before using them for an academic purpose.
Below are some recommended websites:
- Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute
- Canadian Sport Centre - Atlantic Canada
- Wellness, Culture and Sport New Brunswick
- Sport Canada
- Sport Information Resource Centre
- Free anatomy lectures
Identifying Quality on the Internet
The seven sites listed above are strong, reliable sites, but they may not have what you need. If you choose to consider other websites as information sources, consider the following indicators. While it is impossible to create an exhaustive list, or to guarantee that any website is reliable, a website is more likely to be reliable if:
- The person, people, or organization producing the website have reason to do so in a relatively unbiased and informative manner. They should also be qualified to produce information on the topic being covered, and their qualifications should be listed or available through another source. If the creator(s) is trying to convince you of something, sell you something, or has a clear agenda, you may want to consider using another source.
- There is some form of contact information available on the webpage.
- The website seems targeted towards adults or young academics and the language is mature and appropriate. Spelling mistakes should raise very big flags, as should any signs of sloppiness in the presentation of the website.
- The information is up-to-date and the website is well maintained. Many good websites (and some bad ones) will have information at the bottom that indicates when the page was last updated.
- The information presented is factual and is clearly distinguishable from opinions and speculation.
- The information on the website is supported by other sources that are known (or believed) to be reliable.
Research Guides and Tools
Online searching is something that almost everyone does almost every day. We are all familiar with Google's search box, and most of us contribute to the trillions of searches performed in that search engine annually. The frequency with which we perform online searches has made us all 'pretty good' at Googling. Everyone gets stumped eventually, however, and everyone misses things we wished we'd caught.
These video tutorials provide brief introductions to a few techniques we can use to help us when (or even before) we get stuck. Enjoy!
Boolean Operators (Part 1)
This video provides a brief introduction to Boolean operators. It discusses each Boolean term that you are likely to encounter, and provides examples of what happens when they are used in online searching.
Transcript: Boolean Operators (Part 1)
Boolean Operators (Part 2)
This video complements Boolean Operators (Part 1) by describing 6 steps towards efficient and systematic use of Boolean operators in a research database. You will be walked through the process using a real research question and the popular EBSCO database CINAHL.
Transcript: Boolean Operators (Part 2)
One of the challenges in performing a search is coming up with (and searching) all the terms that can be used to described a concept or idea. This brief video describes two great techniques you can use to help you with this.
For information about the specific databases that are commonly used in Nursing, see the User Guides listed below. These guides provide a more thorough introduction to the unique features of their databases.
CINAHL User Guide
CINAHL is one of the broadest and most comprehensive nursing databases available in North America. While it is not the only database that you should use for any given research topic, it is definitely one you should consider when deciding on you research strategy. For some tips and tricks to make the most out of your CINAHL searches, see the CINAHL User Guide.
Medline User Guide
Medline is a popular medical database that is hosted on the Ovid platform. Medline is an excellent place to start any search on topics relating to medicine, health, treatments and diseases. The Medline User Guide contains describes some of the advanced search techniques that are effective in that database as well as a brief introduction to MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).
Scopus User Guide
Scopus is one of the two best science databases currently available in North America. While not specifically targetted towards either nursing or medicine, the size and breadth of the database makes it extremely versatile and useful for most search topics within the fields of science, technology, engineering and medicine. The Scopus User Guide provides details about this database, some advanced searching techniques, as well as information about its highly unique and useful keyword classification system.
Other Useful Tools
Guide to Citation and Plagiarism
UNB Libraries' Guide to Citation and Plagiarism covers many issues related to citation and plagiarism, including:
- The differences between quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarizing
- The reason behind (and importance of) accurate and consistent citation in scholarly works
- Some tips and tricks for avoiding accidental plagiarism
- Links to formatting and citation information
Glossary of Library Research Terms
The Glossary of Library Research Terms is a miniature dictionary that provides definitions (and often explanations) about many of the terms used in libraries, publishing and other scholarly activities. Although it is unlikely that most students would need to know all the terms available in this glossary, it is a great place to look when you are having trouble understanding a research task or assignment. Some of the definitions available in the glossary include:
- Annotated Bibliography
- Controlled Vocabulary
- FirstSearch (WorldCat)
- Systematic Review
Citing Your Sources
Citing your Sources
Accurate, properly formatted footnotes, reading lists, and bibliographies are hallmarks of good academic research. Through citing, you acknowledge the source of any ideas you mention in your writing, document your research, and provide the information your readers need to track down your sources. Numerous citation styles exist, and each specifies what elements are required (title, author, journal name, etc.) and how the citation should be formatted. The standard citation style for Kinesiology is APA (American Psychological Association).
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2nd printing [with corrections]
HIL-REF BF 76.7 .P83 2010b
UNB Libraries and UNB Writing and Study Skills Center provide a number of brief guides to citing various types of information sources, as well as a guide to avoiding inadvertent plagiarism:
- Formatting an APA Reference List (PDF)
- Creating APA Parenthetical References (PDF)
- Formatting an APA Paper (PDF)
- Guide to Citation and Plagiarism
Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (Purdue OWL) maintains extensive resources and instructional material on APA style and formatting:
Zotero is a web-based citation manager, available freely online, that allows you to create a database of references that can be organized, searched, and used to automatically construct bibliographies and reading lists in many citation styles.