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Indigenous Studies Guide


Epjila’si, Kulahsihkulpa, Welcome!

We respectfully acknowledge that UNB is on the unsurrendered and unceded traditional lands of the Wolastoqiyik peoples. Beginning in 1725, the Peace and Friendship Treaties established Mi'kmaq and Wolastoqiyik title over these lands, and provided rules for ongoing relations between nations. We are all treaty people.

This subject guide is intended to be a portal into First Nations collections available onsite and online through UNB Libraries while also providing a curated list of local, regional, and national resources that contribute to the study and understanding of issues that have been identified by First Nations as important. We are grateful for the guidance of UNB's Mi'kmaq-Wolatoqey Centre in the ongoing development of services, spaces, and collections.


Notable on the Web

Find Articles

When searching for journal articles, an Article/Research database is usually the best place to begin. Below are some recommended databases for research in Native Studies. For other databases, check the Article & Research Databases page of the library website.

Key Resources

  • Bibliography of Native North Americans (EBSCO)
    The Bibliography of Native North Americans contains citations to literature about native peoples of North America published from the sixteenth century to the present.
    Unlimited simultaneous users
  • America: History and Life (EBSCO)
    "America: History & Life is the definitive index of literature covering the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to the present. With indexing for 1,700 journals from 1964 to present ... The database also includes citations and links to book and media reviews."--Database information page.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) Reference (ProQuest)
    Please note: CBCA Reference is now searchable as part of the larger CBCA Complete collection. Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) Complete is the nation's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic full-text reference and current events database. Available through the ProQuest Web interface, CBCA Complete combines full text and indexed content from all four CBCA database subsets (Business, Current Events, Education, and Reference). Subject coverage is comprehensive and information is available from the broadest range of Canadian sources anywhere.
    NOTE: In certain instances ProQuest has decided to omit particular 'articles' from full-text access due to copyright restrictions or because the item has not met their criteria for being an 'article' (ie. too short, a letter, not attributed to an author, etc.).
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Google Scholar
    Google Scholar searches a subset of the Web that Google has classified as "scholarly literature". They do not publish a list of chosen sites, and they do not state how often sites are checked. Some important sources are not covered at all. Thus, Google Scholar alone should not be relied on for comprehensive research.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Academic Search Premier (EBSCO)
    Academic Search Premier is a multidisciplinary resource that "provides journal coverage for most academic areas of studies."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Canadian Periodicals Index Quarterly (CPI.Q)
    Indexes over 400 Canadian periodicals (English and French) with full-text and reports from 165 periodicals.
    Limited to single-user access.

Additional Resources

  • Anthropology Plus (EBSCO)
    Anthropology Plus is an index of bibliographic materials combining Anthropological Literature from Harvard University and Anthropological Index, Royal Anthropological Institute, from the UK. It provides worldwide indexing of journal articles, reports, commentaries, edited works, and obituaries in the fields of social, cultural, physical, biological, and linguistic anthropology, ethnology, archaeology, folklore, material culture, and interdisciplinary studies. Coverage is from the late 19th century to the present of all core periodicals in the field in addition to lesser-known journals.
    Unlimited simultaneous users
  • AnthroSource
    AnthroSource is an online portal to full text anthropological resources. AnthroSource includes a searchable database containing American Anthropological Association (AAA) publications, more than 250,000 articles from AAA journals, newsletters, bulletins and monographs and cross-disciplinary resources for all things anthropological.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • JSTOR Archival Collection
    JSTOR provides access to back issues of a variety of scholarly journals. UNB Libraries currently subscribes to the Arts & Sciences (I through X) collections, along with the Life Sciences and Ireland collections.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Early Encounters in North America
    Early Encounters in North America documents the relationships among peoples in North America from 1534 to 1850. The collection focuses on personal accounts and provides unique perspectives from all of the protagonists, including traders, slaves, missionaries, explorers, soldiers, native peoples, and officials, both men and women.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • eHRAF World Cultures
    "eHRAF World Cultures is a cross-cultural database that contains information on all aspects of cultural and social life. The annually-growing eHRAF database is unique in that the information is organized into cultures and ethnic groups and the full-text sources are subject-indexed at the paragraph level."--eHRAF World Cultures Home Page. Formerly known as: eHRAF Collection of Ethnography.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Sociological Abstracts (ProQuest)
    Sociological Abstracts "covers the world's literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behaviorial sciences."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • SocINDEX with Full Text (EBSCO)
    SocINDEX with Full Text is the world's most comprehensive and highest-quality sociology research database. Its extensive scope and content provide users with a wealth of extremely useful information encompassing the broad spectrum of sociological study. The database features more than 2.1 million records with subject headings from a 20,000+ term sociological thesaurus designed by subject experts and expert lexicographers. SocINDEX with Full Text contains full text for 890 journals dating back to 1908. This database also includes full text for more than 850 books and monographs, and full text for over 16,800 conference papers.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Social Work Abstracts (EBSCO)
    "Social Work Abstracts offers extensive coverage of more than 450 social work and human services journals dating back to 1977. Produced by the National Association of Social Workers (NASW), the database provides indexing and abstracts dealing with all aspects of the social work field, including theory and practice, areas of service and social issues and problems. Researchers seeking scholarly and professional perspectives on subjects such as therapy, education, human services, addictions, child and family welfare, mental health, civil and legal rights, and more will find Social Work Abstracts to be an indispensable resource."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Films on Demand
    UNB Libraries subscribes to the Master Academic Collection, along with access to FMG Archival Films & Newsreels Collection and the Entertainment Collection. Includes 42,000+ full-length videos and over 323,000 video segments licensed for use in Canada, covering a broad range of subjects including business, social sciences, education, health and medicine, humanities, sciences, and guidance, and including archival films and newsreels. UNB subscribed Collections The Master Academic Collection (over 35,000 titles) The FM Archival Films & Newsreels (5,000+ titles) Entertainment Collection (500+ titles)
    Subscribed multi-user unlimited access per title
  • NFB Campus (National Film Board of Canada)
    NFB Campus offers access to over 3,500 Canadian film productions, including 500 new titles added just for classroom use.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Public Affairs Information Service (PAIS) International and Archive (ProQuest)
    The PAIS International database contains references to journal articles, books, government documents, statistical directories, grey literature, research reports, conference reports, publications of international agencies, microfiche, Internet material, and more. Newspapers and newsletters are not indexed. Also included in PAIS are the PAIS Archive and ProQuest Deep Indexing: Public Administration and Policy databases.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
    ERIC is a "bibliographic database that contains education-related documents and journal articles." The EBSCO interface also provides some full text linking.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • LegalTrac
    Provides references to articles in major law reviews, legal newspapers, bar association journals, and international (including English-language and French-language Canadian) legal journals. Also includes references to selected law-related articles from business and general interest publications.
    LegalTrac also provides access to over 100 full-text journals covering the aforementioned fields of study.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • HeinOnline
    HeinOnline is a comprehensive database of U.S. and international law journals, treatises, yearbooks, reports, cases, treaties, and other legal information resources. Organized into collections called “libraries,” all documents are image-based, full-text searchable PDFs. Most of HeinOnline’s libraries are searchable by citation.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Meltwater - Canadian Newspapers & beyond

    Meltwater is a news service providing UNB users access to newspapers from New Brunswick. The service also offers other NB provincial news sources in addition to newspapers and sources from around Canada, and news sources from around the world. UNB’s access is primarily aimed towards providing access to New Brunswick news through licensed access, but users are welcome to explore beyond those sources should they desire to do so; users can explore licensed news sources as well as those external sources tracked and searched by the service.

    Meltwater access requires users to login by username and password with each visit to the site. Login details are provided on the next screen and will be updated randomly.

    Unknown Limit on Simultaneous Users
  • Women's Studies International (EBSCO)
    Covers the core disciplines in Women's/Gender Studies, including history, sociology, political science, public policy, international relations, humanities, business and education. ALso relevant to family violence research,nursing and other disciplines. Contains Women's Studies Abstracts, Women's Studies Bibliography Database and Women's Studies Librarian.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Periodicals Archive Online (PAO - ProQuest)
    "Periodicals Archive Online is a major online periodical archive that makes the backfiles of periodicals in the humanities and social sciences available electronically, providing access to the full text of a growing number of digitized periodicals that have been indexed in its sister database, Periodicals Index Online."--About page.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Dissertations & Theses (ProQuest PQDT)
    ProQuest Dissertations and Theses "is the single, authoritative source for information about doctoral dissertations and master's theses. The database represents the work of authors from over 1,000 graduate schools and universities."

    All PhD dissertations and Master's theses from depositing universities are available from 1997 onwards, unless the document's author has requested a temporary delay.

    It is also possible to search within an interface exclusive to Dissertations & Theses @ University of New Brunswick.

    For UNB theses submitted after 2012, please consult UNB’s institutional repository, UNB Scholar, or the library catalogue, UNBWorldCat.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.

Academic Journals

UNB Libraries subscribe to a wide variety of academic journals/papers, both in print and online. Some journal titles in your subject area include:

Find Books

UNB WorldCat is our catalogue for searching UNB Libraries' collections.  It is even useful when you do not have a particular title in mind and are instead searching by topic or keyword(s) to see what is available.  Note that UNB WorldCat also includes links to selected article records by default.  After an initial search you can limit results to books, if desired.

How to locate, access, and view eBooks in the UNB Libraries collection; includes downloading and installing the Adobe Digital Editions eBook reader:

When searching our catalogue and databases, you will discover that there are a variety of terms used to describe First Nations topics, e.g.

 First Nations  Native Americans
 Bands  Tribes
 Reserves  Reservations
Search UNB WorldCat:
Limit to: 

You may also find other terms used such as Aboriginal Peoples, Indigenous Peoples, Native Peoples, First Nations, or Indians of North America (the Library of Congress Subject Heading used in our catalogue).

To include all possibilities, try using OR when searching for synonyms in the catalogue:

aboriginal OR indigenous OR native OR "first nations"

The * symbol is a truncation element, meaning that adding it to the stem of a word will retrieve all possible word variations. Phrase searching in UNB WorldCat requires quotation marks around phrases e.g., "first nations".

To add concepts to your search; simply use AND.

To discover materials pertinent to specific First Nations peoples or communities, try a keyword search using the specific name e.g., Kingsclear, "Eel Ground," Tobique, Elsipogtog, Metepenagiag (formerly known as "Red Bank"), Esgenoopetitj (formerly known as "Burnt Church").  Older material will most often be identified in the catalogue by the names in common use at the time of publication or library acquisition.

Likewise when searching the UNB WorldCat catalogue, please note variations in subject headings related to the time of publication and acquisition - e.g., Micmac may be the subject heading used rather than Mi'kmaq; Malecite rather than Maliseet or Wolastoqey; Abenaki rather than Wabanaki.

To browse the shelves for books in Native Studies, try the following Call Number ranges:

E 51-99 Indians of North America - 2nd floor - Harriet Irving Library (HIL)
FC 1-4200 Canadian History - 2nd floor HIL
GN 1-890 Anthropology - 2nd floor HIL


Bibliographies list publications that have been written about a particular subject, including books, journals, government publications, etc. Annotated bibliographies provide concise summaries of what has been published in a given area. Here are a few examples:

  • Mi'kmaq Bibliography: A Guide to Secondary Sources
    HIL-REF E99 .M6 A44 2000
  • Guide to Micmac-Maliseet Holdings in Archives & Special Collections, Harriet Irving Library
    HIL-REF E99 .M6 C59 1996
  • Native Canadian Anthropology and History: A Selected Bibliography
    HIL-REF E78 .C2 K85 1994

Additional bibliographies can be found using UNB WorldCat. 

Encyclopedias, etc.

When researching a new topic it is often necessary to get an overview, explanations of unfamiliar terms, or brief factual information.

The print and electronic resources listed below include selected reference materials (dictionaries, encyclopaedias, handbooks and guides) for the field of Native Studies.  To find additional reference materials, check our Reference Materials database.


Key Resources

  • Indigenous peoples atlas of Canada [multiple locations E78 .C2 I63 2018 v. 1-4]

    In this atlas, you will find outstanding reference maps of Indigenous Canada, as well as a section devoted to Truth and Reconciliation, including detailed pages on many aspects of the topic with contemporary and historical photography, maps and more. There is also a glossary of common Indigenous terms.

  • Canadian Encyclopedia
    Free online encyclopedia, containing the full text of the print Canadian Encyclopedia, "the most comprehensive source of information on all things Canadian." Includes the full text of the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Early Canadiana Online (ECO)
    Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is a full text online collection of more than 3,000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Cambridge Histories Online (Cambridge Core)
    This resource, part of Cambridge Core, contains the online versions of over 270 Cambridge Histories publications in the following 15 areas: American History, British History, Economic History, General History, History of Science, History of the Book, Language and Linguistics, Literary Studies, Music, Philosophy, Political and Social Theory, Regional History, Religious Studies, Theatre Studies and Performing Arts, and Warfare. For a complete listing of titles in each area, please refer to the publisher's site, at:
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Companion to the anthropology of American Indians, A
    This title is part of the Wiley/Blackwell Reference Online e-book collection available through the Wiley Online Library.
    Unlimited simultaneous users
  • Encyclopedia of Native American history [HIL-REF E77 .E53 2011]
    The Encyclopedia of Native American History offers a comprehensive and authoritative look at the most important individuals, events and topics in American Indian history.
  • Encyclopedia of American Indian history [HIL-REF E77 .E48 2008 vols.1-4]

    The editors of this 4-volume encyclopedia address the often profoundly tragic history of Native Americans with a careful focus on the viewpoint of Native Americans and attention to the issues that concern them today. Rather than organizing the material into A-Z entries, the material is grouped into six initial chronological essays, followed by groups of essays (arranged alphabetically) and organized by themes. The themes are issues, events, culture, governments, and people and groups. A sampling of individual topics includes Bering Strait Theory, education, genocide, Spanish influence, and the Red Power movement. The final volume contains descriptions of the culture, traditions, and history of the individual Indian nations, grouped into major geographical region. A section of primary source documents concludes the essays and a substantial list of resources is provided. This is a thoughtfully prepared resource that will compel students to read beyond their initial topic of interest. Johansen is at the U. of Nebraska, Omaha; Pritzker is at Skidmore College. Annotation ©2007 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Handbook of North American Indians [HIL-GOV SU57 FS41 H236n]

    Encyclopedic summary of prehistory, history, cultures and political and social aspects of native peoples.

  • Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples [HIL-REF E76.2 .P75 2000]

    Dispelling myths, answering questions, and stimulating thoughtful avenues for further inquiry, this highly readable reference provides a wealth of specific information about all known North American Indians. Readers will delight in the stirring narratives about everything from notable leaders and relations with non-natives; to customs, dress, dwellings, and weapons; to government and religion. Addressing over 200 groups of Native American groups in Canada and the United States, A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and People is at once exhaustive yet readable, covering myriad aspects of a people spread across ten geographical regions.Listed alphabetically for easy access, each Native American group is presented in careful detail, starting with the tribal name, translation, origin, and definition. Each entry then includes significant facts about the group's location and population, as well as impressive details about the history and culture of the group. Bringing each entry up-to-date, Editor Barry Pritzker also addresses with ease current information on each group's government, economy, legal status, and reservations. Engaging and precise, Pritzker's prose makes this extensive work an enjoyable read. Whether he is giving the court interpretation of the term "tribe" (Many traditional Native American groups were not tribes at all but more like extended families) or describing how a Shoshone woman served as a guide on the Louis and Clarke expedition, the material is always presented in a clear and lively manner.In light of past and ongoing injustices and the momentum of Indian and Intuit self-determination movements, an understanding of these native cultures as well as their contributions to contemporary society becomes increasingly important. This book provides all the essential information necessary to fully grasp the history, culture, and current feelings surrounding North American Indians. It is not only a compelling resource for students and researchers of Native American studies, anthropology, and history, but an indispensable guide for anyone concerned with the past and present situation of the numerous Native American groups. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Encyclopedia of native tribes of North America [HIL-REF E76.2 .J64 2007]
  • Native America in the Twentieth Century : An Encyclopedia [HIL-REF E76.2 .N36 1994]

    An alphabetical reference that contains signed articles, written by historians, anthropologists, and other specialists--40% of whom are Native American--on 20th-century American Indians and Alaska Natives. There are overview articles on such subjects as art, economic conditions, educational policy, government policy, health, languages, law, public opinion, Red Power, religion, and reservations. In many cases, there are also articles on specific facets of these broad subjects. Articles on present-day tribal groups comprise more than half of the coverage, usually with a single article devoted to a single Indian nation, but sometimes organized by geographic area, language, or political grouping. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Native American Issues: A Reference Handbook [HIL-REF E98 .T77 T56 2005]

    In this second edition reference for high school students and a general readership, Thompson (public administration, U. of Nevada, Las Vegas) gives a historical overview of Native America and examines public policy, statistics, and people relevant to US and Canadian tribes. The book includes a chronology; biographies of important Native Americans and others; notable court cases; statistics, "point-of-view" quotes by Native Americans, US presidents, and Canadian prime ministers; a directory of organizations; a glossary; and an annotated resource list that includes films. A key issue addressed in depth in the 1996 edition was sovereignty; this new edition features, instead, in-depth analysis of gambling. Annotation #169;2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

Additional Resources

  • American Indian history : a documentary reader [HIL-REF E77 .A4963 2009]
    This Reader from the Uncovering the Past series provides a comprehensive introduction to American Indian history. Over 60 primary documents allow the voices of natives to illuminate the American past Includes samples of native languages just above the full translations of particular texts Provides comprehensive introductions and headnotes, as well as images, an extensive bibliography, and suggestions for further research Includes such texts as a decoded Maya inscription, letters written during the French and Indian War on the distribution of small pox blankets, and a diatribe by General George Armstrong Custer shortly before he was killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.
  • 50 events that shaped American Indian history : an encyclopedia of the American mosaic [HIL-REF E77 .A125 2017]

    This powerful two-volume set provides an insider's perspective on American Indian experiences through engaging narrative entries about key historical events written by leading scholars in American Indian history as well as inspiring first-person accounts from American Indian peoples.

  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
    The Dictionary of Canadian Biography/Dictionnaire biographique du Canada provides detailed biographies of important figures in Canadian history from the year 1000 to 1930. This free online resource is produced by Library and Archives Canada, in partnership with Universite Laval and the University of Toronto, and reproduces the full contents of the print Dictionary of Canadian Biography/Dictionnaire biographique du Canada.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Maliseet - Passamaquoddy Dictionary
    The editors-in-chief of the dictionary are David A. Francis Sr., a Passamaquoddy elder at Sipayik (Pleasant Point), near Eastport, Maine, and Robert M. Leavitt, Director of the Mi'kmaq-Maliseet Institute at the University of New Brunswick.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography [HIL-REF FC25 .D5 vols. 1-15]

    Published simultaneously in French, this reference work is recognized as Canada's definitive source on biography. The 12th volume completes the first part of the series (1000-1900) and will be complemented by a cumulative index in 1991. Current indexing is unwieldy, with a separate index for Volumes 1-4 and indexes within each of the other volumes. Indexing was expanded with Volume 11 to include a list of identifications (names grouped according to occupational or other characteristics), and a geographical index (names grouped by place of birth as well as place of career). A nominal index is also helpful. The general bibliography is the most interesting feature. Its relevance to North American historical studies has been noted by John J. McCusker in New Guides to Primary Sources in the History of Early British North America. Subsequent volumes are being planned under the editorial direction of Ramsay Cook (York Univ.) and Jean Hamelin. This is an indispensable tool for Canadian reference as well as American historical research collections. Mary Hemmings, Univ. of Calgary Law Lib., Alberta Copyright 1990 Cahners Business Information, Inc. From: Reed Elsevier Inc. Copyright Reed Business Information

  • Native American Women : A Biographical Dictionary [HIL-REF E98 .W8 B38 2001]

    This A-Z reference contains 275 biographical entries on Native American women, past and present, from many different walks of life. Written by more than 70 contributors, most of whom are leading American Indian historians, the entries examine the complex and diverse roles of Native American women in contemporary and traditional cultures. This new edition contains 32 new entries and updated end-of-article bibliographies. Appendices list entries by area of woman's specialization, state of birth, and tribe; also includes photos and a comprehensive index. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Arts & crafts of the Native American tribes [HIL-REF E98 .A73 J64 2010]

    Examines in detail how Native American culture evolved and considers the regional similarities and differences of the arts and crafts created by tribes across the continent.

  • American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia [HIL-REF E98 .R3 C755 2005 vols. 1-3]

    This three-volume encyclopedia is designed to define the academic study of American Indian religious traditions and to provide a reference that is sensitive to the political and ethical concerns of Native communities. Unlike much previous scholarship, this work attempts to present Native spiritual traditions as the practitioners themselves understand them; contributors are both Native and non-Native. While the complex subject matter is presented in more depth than is typical of dictionary-type references, the entries provide only brief introductions to the subject material. Atypical features include the use of first person narratives, the citation of individual Native elders as authoritative reference sources, and the deliberate omission of subjects that are considered private by Native communities. Entries are listed alphabetically, and the index is located in the third volume. The set includes some maps and black #38; white photographic images. Annotation #169;2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Handbook of Native American Mythology [HIL-REF E98 .R3 B26 2004]

    Librarians Bastian (Colorado State U.-Fort Collins) and Mitchell (Hawkeye Community College, Iowa) present stories from some of the many native peoples of North America within the context of deities, themes, and concepts. They also survey the major cultural areas of the continent, the first Native Americans, the geography and climate, and the function and types of myth. One section is devoted to time, exploring such topics as cyclical aspects of time, mythic time, the time of transformers and animal people, and myths and historical time. Readers are expected to be non-specialists, and references and suggestions for further reading are provided. Annotation #169;2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Native American medicinal plants : an ethnobotanical dictionary [HIL-REF RS171 .M64 2009]
    In an abridged edition of his Native American Ethnobotany (Timber Press 1998), Moerman (emeritus anthropology, U. of Michigan-Dearborn) retains from the mother volume the some 25,000 uses of some 2,700 plant species, along with relevant references. He began his research in 1970, scoured obscure volumes in libraries and archives across the US, transferred the information to computer as soon as possible, and published a first collection in 1977. The entries, arranged alphabetically by Latin name of the plant, describe in turn how different tribes use it medicinally--for what purpose, which part of the plant, and how prepared and administered. Indexes are by tribes, plant uses, and common plant names. Related information such as the natural history of the plants, chemical composition, how the plants fit into the life and world view of users, must be sought elsewhere. Annotation ©2009 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.
  • Micmac Dictionary [Multiple Locations FN346 MA6 ET P214 no.131; PM1793 .D42 1996]

    Text in English and Micmac with an abstract in French.

  • Dictionary of the language of the Micmac Indians, who reside in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton, and Newfoundland [HIL-REF PM1793 .R3 2007]

    This scarce antiquarian book is included in our special Legacy Reprint Series. In the interest of creating a more extensive selection of rare historical book reprints, we have chosen to reproduce this title even though it may possibly have occasional imperfections such as missing and blurred pages, missing text, poor pictures, markings, dark backgrounds and other reproduction issues beyond our control. Because this work is culturally important, we have made it available as a part of our commitment to protecting, preserving and promoting the world's literature. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Guide to Micmac-Maliseet holdings in Archives & Special Collections, Harriet Irving Library [HIL-REF E99 .M6 C59 1996]

    Revised edition prepared under the direction of Linda Baier, at the University of New Brunswick Archives, 1995-1996. Index included.



  • Maliseet & Micmac vital statistics from New Brunswick church records [Multiple Locations E78 .N46 M36 1998]

    From the Introduction: "This volume contains records of the baptisms, marriages, and deaths of Maliseet and Micmac people living in New Brunswick. ... The collection includes records dating from the 1700s up to 1919."

  • Mi'kmaq Bibliography: A Guide to Secondary Sources [HIL-REF E99 .M6 A44 2000]
  • Native Americans today: a biographical dictionary [HIL-REF E89 .J695 2010]

    Clyde Warrior was a Ponca who helped propel the American Indian rights movement in the 1960s. Richard (Skip) Hayward was the Pequot most responsible for starting Foxwoods, the world's largest casino. Chickasaw John Herrington was the first Native American astronaut. Now there's a place to meet them all--and many other noteworthy Native Americans, including Navajo poet Laura Tohe and Luiseno performance artist James Luna.

  • Historical dictionary of Native American movements [HIL-REF E93 .L43 2008]
    Leahy and Wilson (both history, Fort Hays State U., Kansas) present this encyclopedic overview appropriate for high-school age readers and above of significant movements, events, people, legislation, and vocabulary in the history of Native North Americans. Entries are cross-referenced, and the appendix contains excerpts of speeches and writings by Native American leaders Pontiac, Tecumseh, Crazy Horse, and Clyde Warrior. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.
  • Canada's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook [HIL-REF FC104 .B86 2003]

    Born in the U.S. to European immigrants, Bumsted (history, U. of Manitoba) immigrated to Canada 40 years ago as a young adult, and is married to a Welsh immigrant. He has written numerous books and articles on Canadian history. His chronologically- organized reference text describes the gradual shifting of the origins of Canada's immigrants from a few western European countries to the entire spectrum of the Third World, and concludes with diversity issues and situations faced by Canadians during recent decades. Suitable for the general public and students of Canadian history, sociology, and anthropology. Annotation #169;2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • North American Indian Thought and Culture
    This database is comprised of full-text materials that span the entire history of North America; from first encounters involving Native Americans and European colonists to the stories of aboriginals living in a 21st century world. Included are biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, speeches, diaries, letters, and oral histories.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Wiley/Blackwell Reference Online
    Wiley/Blackwell Reference Online "is a vast new online library giving instant access to the most authoritative and up-to-date scholarship across the humanities and social sciences. With more than 350 reference volumes to be published in Blackwell Reference Online by the end of 2008, it is the largest academic reference collection available online and includes the critically-acclaimed Blackwell Companions and Handbooks, major reference works such as the Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management and the Companion to Syntax, and a whole host of other valuable reference materials such as dictionaries, encyclopedias and concise companions."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Oxford Reference
    Multi-part database of the online versions of Oxford University Press texts. Each topical division contains the searchable version of the latest edition of published dictionaries and encyclopedias. Additionally, information about Oxford University Press is provided. Online texts will be updated after new editions of the print monographs are published. Covers the humanities and social sciences.
    5 simultaneous users.
  • ARTstor
    Artstor is a repository of approximately 300 collections composed of over 2.5 million digital images (and growing), related data and provides tools to actively use those images in a restricted usage environment that balances the rights of the content providers and the needs of the users. The images are drawn from different sources, such as museums, archaeological teams, photo archives, slide collections, and art reference publishers.

    Scholars can examine wide-ranging material such as Native American art from the Smithsonian, treasures from the Louvre, and panoramic, 360-degree views of the Hagia Sophia in a single, easy-to-use resource. The artistic traditions across many cultures embraces architecture, painting, sculpture, photography, decorative arts, and design as well as many other forms of visual culture.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.


Citing Your Sources

Citing Your Sources

Accurate, properly formatted footnotes, reading lists, and bibliographies are hallmarks of good academic research. Through citing, you acknowledge the source of any ideas you mention in your writing, document your research, and provide the information your readers need to track down your sources.

Numerous citation styles exist, and each specifies what elements are required (title, author, journal name, etc.) and how the citation should be formatted.  

Consult your course syllabus or check with your instructor to be sure you are using the correct citation style for your assignment.

Here are some examples:

Referencing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers

Norquest College Library provides guidance for acknowledging Indigenous Elders and Knowledge keepers in your research. Please see

More information is available here:
MacLeod, Lorisia. 2021. “More Than Personal Communication: Templates For Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers”. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 5 (1).

Zotero for citation management

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Lamsoq Polam

Lamsoq Polam, which means room of salmon in the Wolastoqey language, is the name given to this space on the first floor of the Harriet Irving Library by our former UNB Elder-in-residence Opolahsomuwehs (Imelda Perley), who explained that the salmons, as a symbol of longing for home, is also a symbol for residential school survivors.

This space is open to everyone for study, reading, respite, and contemplation.  Indigenous persons and groups are invited to book the space for classes and events by contacting Marc Bragdon (

Lamsoq Polam


Mawi'Art: Wabanaki Artist Collective, in partnership, with UNB Libraries, have come together to celebrate and showcase indigenous art of the Atlantic Region.  Indigenous artists were invited to create one of a kind pieces that reflect on their Wolastoqey and Mi'kmaq heritage in a traditional and/or contemporary way.  This permanent installation represent a much larger knowledge of indigenous customs, values, and beliefs that are important to understand and share with non-indigenous people.

The mural running along top of the four walls represents the fours seasons and was created by Katie Augustine, an indigenous visual artists from Neqtokuk First Nation.


Indigenous Book Collection

In Lamsoq Polam you will find a growing collection of First Nations books with special emphasis on children's and young adult literature, as well as various titles to do with land claims, culture, and Truth and Reconciliation.  These books are available to be read onsite and borrowed, and are identified in UNB WorldCat by the location "HIL-ROOM".



Additional Library Resources

Additional Library Resources

First Nations' Materials in UNB Archives & Special Collections Guide

Learn about the books, manuscripts, and special collections by and about regional First Nations persons, cultures, and histories:

Microforms (5th floor - Harriet Irving Library)

Our Microforms Department contains a diverse range of materials: books, pamphlets, periodicals, manuscripts, dissertations, dramatic works, government documents, and much more.

Two areas that may be of particular use to Native Studies students are a complete collection of materials prepared by the Canadian Institute of Historical Micro-reproductions (CIHM) and the Loyalist Collection (a special collection of British, North American Colonial and early Canadian primary sources from approx. 1760-1867).

Archives & Special Collections (5th floor - Harriet Irving Library)

The Archives & Special Collections Department contains UNB's institutional records and private papers (historical and literary) relevant to New Brunswick.  The archives also contains special collections of books and periodicals which, for a variety of reasons, are held apart from the main library areas. One example of a finding aid available via the archives website is a digital collection of Indian Affairs Documents

Researchers may also wish to consult the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick which is located at 23 Dineen Drive on the UNB campus.

Gerard V. La Forest Law Library (2nd floor - Ludlow Hall, 41 Dineen Drive, UNB)

The Law Library serves the faculty, students and staff of UNB's Faculty of Law as well as the broader UNB/STU community.  The library contains a wealth of law-related materials in a variety of formats.

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