Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Guide

Journal Articles

Finding Articles at UNB Libraries

UNB libraries offers two ways to access research articles:

  1. When you know the name/date/publisher of the article you wish to retrieve, you can use the Catalogue search box on the library home page to gain the most direct access to that article.  Alternately, you can search for articles based on the journal in which they are published using the Journals and Newspapers search box on the same page.
  2. When you don’t have any specific article in mind, or do not know enough details about the article to retrieve it using the library’s catalogue, you can use one (or several) of the library’s article databases to streamline your search.  These databases can be accessed either through the links listed below, or a more comprehensive (though less targeted) list of databases can be found on the Article Databases page of the library website.

Below are some recommended print indexes and databases for research in Recreation and Leisure Studies. For other databases, check the Indexes and Abstracts page of the library website.

Key Resources

  • SportDiscus
    SportDiscus is an international database that covers all aspects of "sport, fitness, recreation and related fields."
    8 simultaneous users.
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism (see CAB Direct)
    Note: The content of the Leisure, Recreation and Tourism database has been absorbed by CAB Direct. It is no longer a separate database. Leisure, Recreation and Tourism from CAB Direct (formerly Leisure, Recreation and Tourism Abstracts) provides access to the international literature on "research and strategic development of leisure, recreation, sport, tourism and hospitality activities, facilities, products and services."
    4 simultaneous users.

Additional Resources

  • Academic Search Premier
    Academic Search Premier is a multidisciplinary resource that "provides journal coverage for most academic areas of study."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) Complete (ProQuest)
    Canadian Business and Current Affairs (CBCA) Complete is the nation's largest and most comprehensive bibliographic full-text reference and current events database. Available through the ProQuest Web interface, CBCA Complete combines full text and indexed content from all four CBCA database subsets (Business, Current Events, Education, and Reference). Subject coverage is comprehensive and information is available from the broadest range of Canadian sources anywhere.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
    ERIC is a "bibliographic database that contains education-related documents and journal articles." The EBSCO interface also provides some full text linking.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Google Scholar
    Google Scholar searches a subset of the Web that Google has classified as "scholarly literature". They do not publish a list of chosen sites, and they do not state how often sites are checked. Some important sources are not covered at all. Thus, Google Scholar alone should not be relied on for comprehensive research.
    By accessing Google Scholar via the UNB Libraries website, you benefit from technology that lets on-campus and off-campus users connect directly to full-text articles in journals to which UNB subscribes. Just click on the blue Title link in the Google result list.
    Off-campus users can also set Scholar Preferences to show the "Check for fulltext @ UNB" link in search results. See "Scholar Preferences" at the Google Scholar site.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • PubMed
    PubMed is the U.S. National Library of Medicine's (NLM®) database of biomedical citations and abstracts. It includes MEDLINE, which covers over 4,800 journals published in the United States and more than 70 other countries primarily from 1966 to the present.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Sociological Abstracts
    Sociological Abstracts "covers the world's literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behaviorial sciences."
    Unlimited simultaneous users.
  • Scopus
    Scopus, a new multidisciplinary online resource, will be invaluable to students and faculty in various fields of study within the sciences, health sciences and the social sciences. Scopus offers full-text linking, abstracting-and-indexing information and provides access to over 66 million abstracts dating back to 1966.
    Unlimited simultaneous users.

Choosing the Best Database for your Question

Not all databases are created equal, or are intended to fulfill the same role in research.  The databases listed above range across a number of fields, and while all of these fields relate to recreation, leisure and tourism , they may not relate to the specific research topic that you are interested in.  This being the case, it is important that you select your databases carefully when beginning a search in order to maximize your efficiency and results.  For instance, to perform:

Searches on Sports, Fitness and Recreation:

UNB Libraries subscribes to 2 dedicated kinesiology-focused databases that can serve as excellent launching points for research in this area. The databases are:

  • SportDiscus
  • Leisure, Recreation and Tourism

Searches on the Psychology and Culture of Motion and Fitness:

For information on human behavior and cultural effects relating to recreation, leisure and toursim, explore the core databases (SportDiscus and LRT) as well as some of the following databases:

  • PsycINFO
  • Sociological Abstracts
  • SocINDEX with Full Text

General Searches on ANY TOPIC:

Sometimes the best way to get an idea or to find a new perspective on an old idea is to look outside your subject area.  The following databases contain resources related to recreation, leisure and tourism, but also to many more related and unrelated field:

  • Academic Search Premier
  • Dissertations & Theses
  • Google Scholar

Reference Sources

Reference Sources at UNB Libraries

When researching a new topic it is often necessary to get an overview, explanations of unfamiliar terms, or brief factual information. The print and electronic resources listed below include selected reference materials (dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, guides, and standards) for the field of recreation, leisure and tourism,

* For additional online materials, search using the e-Encyclopedias, etc. search box on the library home page. 

* For additional print materials, search the catalogue using the keyword entry ‘b8:hil-ref’ (when using the HIL – other library codes are available towards the bottom of THIS page) and then use other keywords to narrow down your topic.  Alternately, you can visit the reference section of the library, located on the first floor towards the back.

Key Resources

  • Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society (2 vols.) [HIL-REF GV11 .E555 2009]

    From the introduction: "In this encyclopedia, we have gathered together an international group of scholars and writers to provide access to the facinating literature that has explored such questions of psychology, learning theory, game theory, and history in depth,  In addition, we have provided entries that describe both adult and childhood play and games in dozens of cultures around the world and throughout history".

  • Leisure Studies [HIL-REF GV14.45 .L46 2010]

    A four volume set in the Key Issues for the Twenty-First Century series.  Included in the volumes are reprints of key academic studies in the are of leisure and recreation.  A very useful resource for those looking for important issues in this field.

  • Dictionary of Concepts in Recreation and Leisure Studies [HIL-REF GV11 .S57 1990]

    This dictionary of vocabulary for terms in recreation and leisure studies covers concepts which are both practical and theoretical, methodological and professional. Each definition is organized chronologically and includes explanations of their derivations and interpretations.

  • Dictionary of Travel and Tourism Terminology [HIL-REF G155 .A1 B38 2002]

    This dictionary provides approximately 7000 definitions of travel and tourism terminology used in the English speaking world. It covers the operating language of the industry, acronyms such as organizations, trade bodies and airlines, IT terms and brand names, for example "Air Miles." The bookcovers all aspects of the tourism industry, including hospitality, transport -- road, rail, air and sea, and ancillary services such as car rental, insurance, passport and visa services, and foreign currency. Entries vary from one-line definitions to 500 word articles. References are provided forfurther reading, and where possible website addresses are given for organizations. It is an essential reference tool for anyone involved in tourism research, and everyone in the travel industry. Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Encyclopedia of Leisure and Outdoor Recreation
    see also [HIL-REF GV11 .E55 2003]

    Jenkins (U. of Newcastle, Australia) and Pigram (U. of New England, Australia) present some 500 entries related to academic "leisure studies." Drawing on the disciplines of economics, geography, history, political science, sociology, and physical sciences, the entries broadly cover relevant topics from those disciplines; explanations of concepts, models, and theories, of leisure and outdoor recreation; related industry sectors, government agencies, and academic bodies; and definitions of significant terms and acronyms. Entries typically discuss the historical development of the term or theory, explore current academic debates, describe different treatments of the term in different disciplinary areas, and examine possible future developments. Distributed by Taylor #38; Francis. Annotation #169;2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America [HIL-REF GV53 .E53 2004 vols. 1-2]

    A wide variety of topics are described in this two-volume encyclopedia on the history, people, and the current practice of American pastimes. Drinking, circuses, dancing, darts, fast food, yard sales, amateur radio, photography, and Nordic skiing are some of the leisure activities featured in entries that contain cross-references and bibliographies. More theoretical topics are also included, such as privatization of leisure, racial diversity and leisure lifestyles, regulation and social control of leisure, and urbanization. The entries, which are written at a level appropriate for the advanced high school or undergraduate student, are not merely descriptive, but focus on broad issues such as the history of the activity and the social issues connected with it. Though the majority of the contributors are academics in the US, many teach elsewhere, including in Canada, the UK, New Zealand, and Japan. Annotation #169;2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR ( Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Encyclopedia of Tourism [HIL-REF G155 .A1 E4295 2000]

    A quick reference to the wide range of basic definitions, concepts, themes, issues, methods, perspectives, and institutions relating to the tourism industry. The several hundred contributors come from around the world, and represent such fields as anthropology, economics, history, hospitality, marketing, political science, psychology, recreation, and transportation. The 1,200 articles range in length from about 60 to about 1,600 words. They are cross- referenced, and often include a list for further reading. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR Distributed by Syndetic Solutions, Inc.

  • Oxford Handbook of the Development of Play [HIL-REF BF717 . O94 2011]

    A psychology reference work that may also be valuable for Recreation and Leisure students.

Books and E-Books

Finding Books at UNB Libraries

UNB Libraries uses WorldCat to track and retrieve items in our collection.  Integrated directly with our library home page, UNB WorldCat is accessible through the Catalogue search box or through the search window provided below. Using the search boxes and the clickable options located near them, you can retrieve information about books, e-books, DVDs, and other multi-media resources available at UNB and at other libraries worldwide.

Once you have found the item you are looking for, use the call number listed in the search results (if it is a physical item) to locate it on our library shelves.  Click HERE for information on how to read call numbers.  Alternately, you can visit the Research Help Desks for assistance in locating items in the library.

Search UNB WorldCat:     

Advanced Search | Locations Guide | Other Catalogues | Help/FAQ

If you locate resources in your search that are not available through UNB Libraries, you may be able to borrow them from another library using our document delivery service.  Visit the Document Delivery page for information about how to request resources and library policies associated with such requests.


Internet Sites

Using Internet Sites as Resources

The internet provides seemingly limitless amounts of information on every topic imaginable, but not all this information is reliable.  It is important to critically evaluate and vet all websites for quality and reliability before using them for an academic purpose.

Below are some recommended websites:

Identifying Quality on the Internet

The three sites listed above are strong, reliable sites, but they may not have what you need.  If you choose to consider other websites as information sources, consider the following indicators. While it is impossible to create an exhaustive list, or to guarantee that any website is reliable, a website is more likely to be reliable if:

  1.  The person, people, or organization producing the website have reason to do so in a relatively unbiased and informative manner. They should also be qualified to produce information on the topic being covered, and their qualifications should be listed or available through another source. If the creator(s) is trying to convince you of something, sell you something, or has a clear agenda, you may want to consider using another source.
  2. There is some form of contact information available on the webpage.
  3. The website seems targeted towards adults or young academics and the language is mature and appropriate. Spelling mistakes should raise very big flags, as should any signs of sloppiness in the presentation of the website.
  4. The information is up-to-date and the website is well maintained.  Many good websites (and some bad ones) will have information at the bottom that indicates when the page was last updated.
  5. The information presented is factual and is clearly distinguishable from opinions and speculation.
  6. The information on the website is supported by other sources that are known (or believed) to be reliable.

    Citing Your Sources

    Citing your Sources

    Accurate, properly formatted footnotes, reading lists, and bibliographies are hallmarks of good academic research. Through citing, you acknowledge the source of any ideas you mention in your writing, document your research, and provide the information your readers need to track down your sources. Numerous citation styles exist, and each specifies what elements are required (title, author, journal name, etc.) and how the citation should be formatted. The most common citation style for Recreation, Leisure and Tourism is APA (American Psychological Association). Consult with your course instructor to be sure that this is the desired citation format for your particular assignment.

    • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2nd printing [with corrections]
      HIL-REF BF 76.7 .P83 2010b

    UNB Libraries and UNB Writing and Study Skills Center provide a number of brief guides to citing various types of information sources, as well as a guide to avoiding inadvertent plagiarism:

    Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (Purdue OWL) maintains extensive resources and instructional material on APA style and formatting:

    Zotero is a web-based citation manager, available freely online, that allows you to create a database of references that can be organized, searched, and used to automatically construct bibliographies and reading lists in many citation styles.

    • Zotero

    More Information

    Last modified on August 2, 2017 11:44