Patents Guide

Patent Databases

Patent Databases

Canadian Patents Database (CIPO)

CIPO's Canadian Patent Database let you access 93 years of patent descriptions and images. You can search, retrieve and study more than 2,140,000 patent documents.

(http://brevets-patents.ic.gc.ca/opic-cipo/cpd/eng/introduction.html)

U.S. Patent Databases (USPTO)

U.S. patents, 1790 to present and published applications, 2001 to present. Patents prior to 1976 can be retrieved by number, date and classification. TIFF viewer required to view/print patent documents.

(http://patft.uspto.gov/)

Espacenet

Espacenet offers free access to more than 80 million patent documents worldwide, containing information about inventions and technical developments from 1836 to today.

(http://worldwide.espacenet.com/)

PatentScope (WIPO)

PATENTSCOPE provides access to over 30 million patent documents including 2.2 million published international patent applications (PCT). Detailed coverage information can be found here

(https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/search.jsf)

Patent Lens

Full-text of over ten million patent documents from US, Europe, Australia and WIPO, their status and counterparts up to 70 countries.

(https://www.lens.org/lens/)

SciFinder

SciFinder is a key database for chemistry, chemical and biochemical engineering, environmental sciences, materials science, and geochemistry. Its coverage includes journal articles, conference papers and patents from many patent issuing organizations. You can search by research topic, chemical substance, structure and substructure.

(http://lib.unb.ca/eresources/protected/scifinder.php)

Scopus

Over 24.4 million Patent records from the following five patent offices are available via Scopus: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), European Patent Office, US Patent Office, Japanese Patent Office and UK Intellectual Property Office.

(http://www.scopus.com/search/form.url)

Google Patents

Google Patents is a search engine from Google that indexes patents and patent applications from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), European Patent Office (EPO), and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). These documents include the entire collection of granted patents and published patent applications from each database.

(https://www.google.ca/?tbm=pts&gws_rd=cr,ssl&ei=3ShjVbrSE8XHsQTr6oD4BQ)

Free Patents Online

Provides fast, easy-to-use and free access to millions of patents and patent applications. US, European, Japanese and World patent documents from 1974 to present.

(http://www.freepatentsonline.com/search.html)

 

 

 

    Key Resources

    Key Resources:

    List of WIPO Standards, Recommendations and Guidelines

    (http://www.wipo.int/standards/en/part_03_standards.html#group-b)

    CIPO - A Guide to Patents

    (http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/h_wr03652.html)

    USPTO - General Information Concerning Patents

    (http://www.uspto.gov/patents-getting-started/general-information-concerning-patents)

    WIPO - Directory of Intellectual Property Offices

    (http://www.wipo.int/directory/en/urls.jsp)

    Canadian Intellectual Property Office

    (http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/home)

    How to Conduct A Preliminary U.S.Patent Search: A Step by Step Strategy

    (https://www.uspto.gov/video/cbt/ptrcsearching/)

    Citing Patents

    Citing Patent Literature

    APA Style

    References (Example)

            Smith, I. M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

            (http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx)

    In Text Citations:

            U.S. Patent No. 123,445 (1988)

            (U.S. Patent No. 123,445, 1998)

            (http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx#In-Text)

    For more examples and details please see the APA Publication Manual

    (http://unb.worldcat.org/oclc/316736612)

     

    IEEE Style

    Basic Format:

    [1] J. K. Author, “Title of patent,” U.S. Patent x xxx xxx, Abbrev. Month, day, year.

    Example:

    [1] J. P. Wilkinson, “Nonlinear resonant circuit devices,” U.S. Patent 3 624 125, July 16, 1990.

    NOTE: Use “issued date” if several dates are given.

    For more information please see the IEEE Manual

    (http://www.ieee.org/documents/ieeecitationref.pdf)

     

    The ACS Style Guide

    Examples:

    Sheem, S. K. Low-Cost Fiber Optic Pressure Sensor. U.S. Patent 6,738,537, May 18, 2004.

    Petrovick, P. R.; Carlini, E. Antiulcerogenic Preparation from Maytenus ilicifolia
         and Obtaintion Process. Br. Patent PI 994502, March 6, 1999.

    Langhals, H.; Wetzel, F. Perylene Pigments with Metallic Effects. Ger. Offen. DE
         10357978.8, Dec 11, 2003; Chem. Abstr. 2005, 143, 134834.

    Shimizu, Y.; Kajiyama, H. (Kanebo, Ltd., Japan; Kanebo Synthetic Fibers, Ltd.).
         Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho JP 2004176197 A2 20040624, 2004.

    For more information please see The ACS Style Guide

    (http://unb.worldcat.org/oclc/62872860)

     

    Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition, 2010)

    Format: 

    Names, Creator. Patent title. Patent number, and year of filing.

    Example:

    Iizuka, Masanori, and Hideki Tanaka.  Cement admixture.  US Patent 4,586,960, filed June 26, 1984, and issued May 6, 1986.

    For more information please see the Chicago manual of style

    (http://unb.worldcat.org/oclc/495102182)

     

    MLA Style

    This style manual does not specifically mention how to cite a patent; however, it can be extrapolated based on the typical MLA style for other types of materials.

    Format: 

    Last Name, First Name. "Patent name." Patent XXX. Date.

    (The date must be in Day Month Year format.)

    Example:

    Saunders, Terry. "Scraper plane." CA Patent 2,477,363. 10 August 2004. 

    For more information please see the MLA Style Manual

    (http://unb.worldcat.org/oclc/241300512)

    Writing & Study Skills Centre - Citation Help

    (http://www.unb.ca/fredericton/studentservices/academics/writing-centre/writing-answers.html)

    Last modified on August 24, 2017 15:01