Law, Comparative Guide

Articles & Databases

The following indexes and databases can be used to find articles on comparative law, the legal systems of other countries, aboriginal/indigenous law, and/or religious law.

If you already know the journal title, year, volume number and page number for an article, you may be able to access it electronically by searching for the journal's title in the UNB e-journals database. If we have the journal electronically or in print, it will be listed. You can also look up the journal title in UNB WorldCat.

Keep in mind that it can be best to start with an index rather than a full-text journal search. An index is a systematic listing of journal articles by topic. A few key indexes in law are listed below.

 

Indexes

 

Databases

There are other indexes available in print and electronically, as well as more full-text journal databases. Contact a law librarian for assistance.

Books & eBooks

The law library has several books on comparative law, the legal systems of other countries, aboriginal/indigenous law, and/or religious law. To search for books at UNB Libraries, use UNB WorldCat, the library's catalogue. UNB WorldCat contains records of materials held at all of UNB's libraries (including UNB Saint John).

Search UNB WorldCat:     

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Items shown as LAW-RESERVE may be requested at the circulation desk on the first floor of the Law Library. Items shown as LAW-STACKS are on the second floor, and LAW-REF materials are on the first floor in the reference section. 

The following books may be useful in your research:

Quebec Law

Legal Encyclopedia: JurisClasseur Quebec

Legal encyclopedias contain narrative summaries of the law supported by references to case law and statutes. They are often the best place to start to gain a general understanding of the law in a particular area. You should already be familiar with the two main legal encyclopedias in Canada: the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED) and Halsbury's Laws of Canada.

Quebec has its own legal encyclopedia, JurisClasseur Quebec, which is available via Lexis Advance Quicklaw. Note that it is in French only, with no English translation.

 

Legislation

Quebec statutes (including the Civil Code) and regulations are available in WestlawNext Canada, Lexis Advance Quicklaw, and CanLII. Note that Quicklaw also has the Quebec rules of court.

An annotated Civil Code of Quebec is available online via Lexum. It is available in French and English and includes links to legislation, historical notes, and the ability to note up.

 

Case Law

Case law from Quebec is available in WestlawNext Canada, Lexis Advance Quicklaw, and CanLII

Make use of case law digests, such as the Canadian Abridgment Digests (via WestlawNext Canada) and the Canada Digest (via Lexis Advance Quicklaw). Case digests are extremely useful because they list cases by subject, so if you find your topic in a digest you may be able to find 5, 10, or even 100 cases on the same topic. Quicklaw also includes case summaries by jurisdiction, including Quebec.  

If you need an English translation of a French case, see if it is available on SOQUIJ. SOQUIJ provides unofficial English translations of select cases from the Court of Appeal of Quebec, the Superior Court of Quebec, the Court of Quebec, the Human Rights Tribunal, the Professions Tribunal, the Ministère de la Justice of Quebec, and the Société québécoise d'information juridique.

American Law

Legal Encyclopedias: American Jurisprudence (2d) and Corpus Juris Secundum 

Legal encyclopedias contain narrative summaries of the law supported by references to case law and statutes. They are often the best place to start to gain a general understanding of the law in a particular area. You should already be familiar with the two main legal encyclopedias in Canada: the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED) and Halsbury's Laws of Canada.

Two American legal encyclopedias are American Jurisprudence (2d) (aka: AmJur) and Corpus Juris Secundum, both of which are available via Westlaw US (access links directly or go through the International tab in WestlawNext Canada). AmJur is also available via Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

 

Legislation

American statutes and regulations (federal and state) are available in Westlaw US (via International tab in WestlawNext Canada) and Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

The United States Code Annotated (USCA) is available via Westlaw US. USCA has all 54 US Code titles and includes the Constitution, court rules, and appendixes. Annotated materials include notes of decisions, cross references, research references, and more. Please note that USCA is unofficial, and you should always reference the official version of the US Code, which you can find online via the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives.

Another great source for legislation is The Legal Information Institute (LII), which, like CanLII, provides free access to the law, including the US Code, the Constitution, federal rules, and more.

 

Case Law

American case law is available in Westlaw US (via International tab in WestlawNext Canada) and Lexis Advance Quicklaw. Supreme Court cases are also available via The Legal Information Institute (LII).

The The West Key Number System (via International tab in WestlawNext Canada) is a case digest service that lists cases by subject, so if you find a key number for your topic you may be able to find 5, 10, or even 100 cases on the same topic. Make use of case digests when possible, because they can save you a lot of time and effort!

UK Law

Legal Encyclopedia: Halsbury's Laws of England

Legal encyclopedias contain narrative summaries of the law supported by references to case law and statutes. They are often the best place to start to gain a general understanding of the law in a particular area. You should already be familiar with the two main legal encyclopedias in Canada: the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED) and Halsbury's Laws of Canada.

The main UK legal encyclopedia is Halsbury's Laws of England, available via Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

 

Legislation

UK statutes and statutory instruments are available in Westlaw (via International tab in WestlawNext Canada) and Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

UK legislation is also available via the British and Irish Legal Information Institute (BAILII), which, like CanLII, provides free access to the law.

 

Case Law

UK case law is available in:

Make use of case law digests whenever possible. The Digest, available in print only (stack 101 in the reference section), lists British, Commonwealth, and European cases by subject, so if you find your topic in The Digest you may be able to find 5, 10, or even 100 cases on the same topic. Case digests can save you a lot of time and effort!

Aboriginal Law

Note: for more in-depth information on Aboriginal Law sources, see the Law, Aboriginal subject guide.
For books and articles on Aboriginal Law, see the other tabs in this guide.

 

Legal Encyclopedias

Legal encyclopedias contain narrative summaries of the law supported by references to case law and statutes. They are often the best place to start to gain a general understanding of the law in a particular area. You should already be familiar with the two main legal encyclopedias in Canada: the Canadian Encyclopedic Digest (CED) and Halsbury's Laws of Canada.

  • Canadian Encyclopedic Digest
    • Covers Western, Ontario, and federal jurisdictions
    • CED has an Aboriginal Law title
    • Be sure to check the currency of titles in WestlawNext Canada, as some can be years out of date
  • Halsbury's Laws of Canada
    • Covers federal and all provincial jurisdictions
    • Halsbury's has an Aboriginal Law title (HAB) available

 

Legislation

The following databases and websites provide access to Canadian federal and provincial legislation:

If you're looking for foreign Aboriginal Law, you can find legislation from Australia, New Zealand, and others in Westlaw (via the International tab in WestlawNext Canada) and Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

Many countries have their legislation available online. CanLII has a link to several sites that are part of the Free Access to Law Movement, including LII (US), Australasian Legal Information InstituteNew Zealand Legal Information Institute, and World Legal Information Institute.

 

Case Law

Canadian case law is available in WestlawNext Canada, Lexis Advance Quicklaw, and CanLII

If you're looking for foreign Aboriginal Law, you can find cases from Australia, New Zealand, and others in Westlaw (via the International tab in WestlawNext Canada) and Lexis Advance Quicklaw.

As with legislation, many countries have case law available online, including LII (US), Australasian Legal Information InstituteNew Zealand Legal Information Institute, and World Legal Information Institute.

Make use of case law digests, such as the Canadian Abridgment Digests (via WestlawNext Canada) and the Canada Digest (via Lexis Advance Quicklaw). The Canadian Abridgment Digests have an Aboriginal Law title, and the Canada Digest has a Canada Aboriginal Law Digest title. Case digests are extremely useful because they list cases by subject, so if you find your topic in a digest you may be able to find 5, 10, or even 100 cases on the same topic.

Religious Law

Note: for books and articles on Religious Law, see also the other tabs in this guide.

 

Journals

When searching for articles, use of one the databases and/or indexes listed in the Articles & Databases tab. Remember: you can narrow your searches by subject in most databases/indexes, so keep that in mind when researching a particular topic and/or area of law.

Some specific journals you may want to visit are:

 

Research Guides

GlobaLex

GlobaLex is an electronic legal publication dedicated to international and foreign law research. Published by the Hauser Global Law School Program at NYU School of Law, GlobaLex has several comparative law research guides that list books, articles, websites, and more on various topics, including:

 

Websites & Blogs

Websites

The following websites may be helpful for your research (note: many of these links are also available in other sections of this guide):

  • GlobaLex
    An electronic legal publication dedicated to international and foreign law research. Published by the Hauser Global Law School Program at NYU School of Law, GlobaLex has several comparative law research guides that list books, articles, websites, and more on various topics, including:
    • Comparative Law Research (includes guides on African law, religious law (Christian, Islamic, Jewish, Hindu, and more), comparative criminal procedure, comparative civil procedure, Latin American law, and more)
    • International Law Research (includes guides on the African Union, the European Union, indigenous law, international human rights, human trafficking, International criminal law, international refugee law, and more)
    • Foreign Law Research (includes guides on legal systems from around the world, including Afghanistan, Australia, Belarus, Cambodia, Germany, India, Iran, and many more)
       
  • Foreign & International Research Guide (Yale Law)
    A comprehensive research guide from Yale's Lillian Goldman Law Library. Includes a country-by-country research guide, a blog, several research guides on foreign and international law, and more. Updated frequently.
     
  • Constitute Project
    Provides access to constitutions around the world and allows for side-by-side comparisons of two documents.
     
  • FeeFieFoeFirm
    A search engine that focuses on the websites of law firms to find opinions from legal experts, law firm bulletins, articles, press releases and more. You can change the jurisdiction to US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and more.

 

Blogs

There are many blogs maintained by lawyers and law firms. You can find lists of legal blogs online, including:

 

More Information